اثر بخشی واقعیت درمانی بر افسردگی زنان سرپرست خانوار تحت حمایت کمیته امداد امام خمینی شهر شیراز در سال 97

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مشاوره ، واحد مرودشت ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، مرودشت ، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره و راهنمایی ، واحد مرودشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، مرودشت، ایران ( نویسنده مسئول )admin@miau.ac.ir

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به منظور بررسی اثربخشی واقعیت‌درمانی بر افسردگی زنان سرپرست خانوار تحت حمایت کمیته امداد امام خمینی شهر شیراز در سال 1397 انجام شده است. در این پژوهش از روش تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل استفاده شده است. جامعه‌ی آماری این پژوهش، زنان سرپرست خانوار مراجعه‌کننده به کمیته امداد امام خمینی شهرستان شیراز در سال 1397 بود که در ادامه بر اساس روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند 30 نفر از آنها که نمره بالا از این پرسشنامه را بدست آورده بودند به صورت تخصیص تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش تقسیم شدند. هر دو گروه قبل از شروع مداخله پرسشنامه‌های افسردگی بک را تکمیل کرده بودند. گروه آزمایش بسته آموزشی واقعیت‌درمانی را در هشت جلسه دریافت کرد. سپس پرسشنامه‌ افسردگی بک مجدداً توسط هر دو گروه تکمیل شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس مؤید آن بود که مداخله مبتنی بر واقعیت‌درمانی موجب کاهش افسردگی زنان سرپرست خانوار می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Reality therapy on Depression in Female-headed households under the auspices of the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in Shiraz in 2019

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Hosseini 1
  • Aadan Moein 2
1 M.Sc., Department of Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran
2 * Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling and Guidance, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of reality therapy on depression of female-headed households in Shiraz in 2019. In this study, experimental design with pre-test and post-test including control group was used. The statistical population of this study was female-headed households referred to Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in Shiraz in year 2019. Based on purposive sampling method, 30 of them with high score of Beck depression questionnaire  and low resiliency score were selected. They were randomly allocated to control and experimental groups. Both groups completed Beck depression questionnaire before intervention. The experimental group received the reality therapy training package in eight sessions. Depression questionnaire was again completed by both groups. the results of covariance analysis indicated that reality-based intervention reduced depression in female-headed households.

 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • reality therapy
  • Depression
  • female-headed households
  • Imam Khomeini Relief Committee
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