تعیین اثربخشی آموزش راهبردهای خودتنظیمی بر سرزندگی تحصیلی و خلاقیت دانش آموزان اهمال کار

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، واحد زنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زنجان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، واحد زنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زنجان، ایران (نویسنده مسؤل) GhFoumani@auz.ac.ir

3 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، واحد زنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش راهبردهای خودتنظیمی بر سرزندگی تحصیلی و خلاقیت دانش-آموزان اهمال‌کار بود.
روش: این پژوهش به شیوه نیمه‌آزمایشی و با طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون با گروه گواه و پیگیری انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی دانش‌آموزان دختر پایه دهم دوره متوسط شهر ارومیه در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 به تعداد 3295 نفر بود. برای نمونه‌گیری، تعداد 40 نفر دانش‌آموزان داوطلب واجد شرایط که نمره کمتر از 81 در پرسشنامه‌ اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی سولومون و راث‌بلوم (1984)، کمتر از 36 در پرسشنامه سرزندگی تحصیلی دهقانی‌زاده و حسین‌چاری (1391) و نمره کمتر از 120 در خلاقیت عابدی (1372) کسب کرده بودند مشخص و سپس به صورت تصادفی در 2 گروه‌ مطالعه (20 نفر در گروه آزمایش و 20 نفر در گروه گواه) وارد شدند. بسته آموزشی راهبردهای خودتنظیمی پنتریچ (1999) برای گروه آزمایش اجرا شد. زمان این برنامه آموزشی 15 جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای و زمان آموزش نیز 3 هفته بود.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد برای متغیر سرزندگی تحصیلی اثر گروه (001/0P˂ و 687/0Eta=)، اثر زمان (001/0P˂ و 816/0Eta=) و اثر متقابل گروه × زمان (001/0P˂ و 727/0Eta=) معنادار بود. همچنین نتایج نشان داد برای متغیر خلاقیت اثر گروه (001/0P˂ و 777/0Eta=)، اثر زمان (001/0P˂ و 802/0Eta=) و اثر متقابل گروه × زمان (001/0P˂ و 626/0Eta=) معنادار بود.
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت دانش‌آموزان اهمال‌کاری که در رابطه با سرزندگی تحصیلی و خلاقیت دچار ناتوانی‌هایی هستند چنانچه در معرض آموزش راهبردهای خودتنظیمی قرار گیرند می‌توانند موفقیت‌هایی در این زمینه کسب کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Teaching Self-Regulatory Strategies on Academic Buoyancy and Creativity of Procrastinating Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sepideh Zal Jarchlou 1
  • gholamhossen Entesar Foumani 2
  • Qamar Kiani 3
  • Masod Hejazi 3
1 Ph.D Student in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran GhFoumani@auz.ac.ir
3 Assistant Professor of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

   The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching self-regulatory strategies on academic vitality and creativity of procrastinating students. This research was conducted in a quasi-experimental manner with a pre-test-post-test design with a control and follow-up group. The statistical population of the study included all female students of the tenth grade of the middle school in the city of Urmia in the academic year of 2019-2020 in the number of 3295 people. Purposeful method was used for sampling. Therefore, there are 40 eligible volunteer students with a score of less than 81 in the Solomon and Rathblum (1984) Academic Procrastination Questionnaire, less than 36 in the Dehghani-Zadeh and Hossein-Chari Academic Vitality Questionnaire (2012) and a score of less than 120 in Abedi (1993) creativity were identified and then randomly entered into two study groups. Pentrich (1999) self-regulatory strategies training package was implemented for the experimental group. During this period, the control group did not receive any training. Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc test using SPSS software. The results showed that for the academic vitality variable, group effect (P˂0.001 and Eta= 0.687), time effect (P˂0.001 and Eta= 0.816) and group × time interaction (P˂0.001 and Eta= 0.727) was significant. The results also showed that for the creativity variable the effect of group (P˂0.001 and Eta= 0.777), the effect of time (P˂0.001 and Eta= 0.802) and the interaction of group × time (P˂0.001 and Eta= 0.626) was significant. Based on the results of the present study, it can be concluded that self-regulatory strategies can be used to treat procrastination in students and increase their academic vitality and creativity

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self-regulation strategies
  • Academic buoyancy
  • Creativity
  • Procrastinating Students
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