پیش بینی پایداری براساس دلبستگی به خدا، امید به زندگی و شادکامی در فرهنگیان زن بازنشسته خمینی شهر

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مشاوره خانواده، واحد خمینی شهر ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، خمینی شهر، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره ، واحد خمینی شهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، اصفهان، ایران ( نویسنده مسئول ) javadzadeh@iaukhsh.ac.ir

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش پیش‌بینی پایداری بر اساس دل‌بستگی به خدا، امید به زندگی و شادکامی در فرهنگیان زن بازنشسته‌ی خمینی‌شهر بود. روش پژوهش همبستگی از نوع پیش‌بینی و جامعه آماری شامل کلیه فرهنگیان زن بازنشسته ی خمینی‌شهر در سال 1399 که تعدادشان 167 نفر بود. با استفاده از جدول مورگان برحسب تعداد جامعه آماری 113 نفر حجم نمونه برآورد گردید که درنهایت حجم نمونه با احتساب ریزش آماری به 100 نفر کاهش پیدا کرد. ابزار گرداوری اطلاعات شامل پرسشنامه پایداری داکورث (2007)، پرسشنامه دلبستگی به خدا بک و مک دونالد(2004)، پرسشنامه امید به زندگی اسنایدر (۱۹۹۱) و پرسشنامه شادکامی آکسفورد آرگایل، مارتین و کروسلند(1989) بود. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها در دو سطح آمار توصیفی(میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آمار استنباطی (ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندگانه) با استفاده از نرم‌افزار spss-22 انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که به ترتیب دلبستگی به خدا(β=0/49)، شادکامی(β=0/23) و امید به زندگی(0/42=β) مشترکا، 5/47 درصد توانایی پیش‌بینی پایداری فرهنگیان زن بازنشسته را داشتند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد زیرمؤلفه‌های دلبستگی به خدا( ارتباط باخدا، توکل و توجه به خدا)، 2/34 درصد توانایی پیش‌بینی پایداری را داشتند و زیر مؤلفه‌های امید به زندگی( تفکر عاملی و تفکر راهبردی)، 9/37 درصد توانایی پیش‌بینی پایداری را در سطح معناداری p≤0.01 دارا بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Prediction of Grit Based on God Attachment, Life hope, and Happiness in retired women teachers in khominishar city

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Rezaei 1
  • Fatemeh Javadzadeh 2
1 Master student in family counseling, Islamic Azad University of Khomeini Shahr, Khomeini, Iran
2 * Assistant Professor, Counseling Department, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran (Corresponding Author)
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to predict Grit  based on attachment to God, life expectancy and happiness in retired female educators of Khomeini Shahr city. The research method was correlational type of prediction and the statistical population included all retired female educators in Khomeini Shahr in 2020, whose number was 167 people. Using Morgan table, the sample size was estimated to be 113 people according to the statistical population. Finally, the sample size was reduced to 100 people, including statistical loss. Data collection tools included the Grit Questionnaire's Duckworth (2007), the Attachment to God Beck and McDonald's Questionnaire (2004), the Snyder's Life Hope Questionnaire (1991), and the Argyle, Martin, & Croesland's Oxford Questionnaire (1989) Happiness Questionnaire. Data analysis was performed at two levels of descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression) using spss-22 software. The results showed that attachment to God (β = 0.49), happiness (β = 0.23) and life expectancy (β = 0.42) respectively, were 47/5% able to predict the Grit of retired female educators. The results also showed that Sub-component of attachment to God, relationship with God, trust and attention to God, 34/2% were able to predict Grit And Sub-component of life expectancy, factor thinking, and strategic thinking accounted for 37/9% percent of the ability to predict Grit at the significance level of p≤0.01.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Life expectancy
  • Grit
  • attachment to god
  • happiness
  • retired women teachers
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