تبیین مولفه ‏های شغل مناسب زنان مبتنی بر رویکرد فازی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه سیاستگذاری علم و فناوری، پژوهشکده مطالعات بنیادین علم و فناوری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران،ایران. (نویسنده مسئول)a_sadabadi@sbu.ac.ir

2 دانشجوی دکتری کارافرینی، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران ،تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه سیاستگذاری علم و فناوری، پژوهشکده مطالعات بنیادین علم و فناوری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران،ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر ارائه مولفه‏های شغل مناسب بانوان با رویکرد فازی از طریق استخراج مولفه‎های ناظر بر موانع اشتغال و پیشرفت زنان به همراه راهکارهای متناظر آن است. نوع این پژوهش از لحاظ هدف کاربردی و روش آن بر اساس نحوه گردآوری داده‌ها توصیفی و از نوع اکتشافی است؛ ماهیت تحقیق نیز آمیخته است. جامعه آماری، کلیه خبرگان و متخصصان علمی و اجرایی در حوزه مسائل زنان و اشتغال آن‌ها است که 34 نفر از خبرگان در حیطه فوق به روش نمونه‌گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب گردیدند. در پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوا و داده‎کاوی مؤلفه‌های ناظر بر موانع اشتغال بانوان و راهکارهای متناظر با آن‌ها استخراج شد. سپس با استفاده از روش دلفی فازی پرسشنامه‎هایی که در اختیار خبرگان قرار گرفته بود، تجزیه و تحلیل گشت. به منظور تعیین ارتباط میان مؤلفه‌های مورد اجماع نخبگان، روش تحلیل و توسعه گزینه استراتژیک (سودا) به کار گرفته شد. سپس با ادغام نقشه‎های خبرگان، مدل واحدی اتخاذ شد و در نهایت از درون مدل نهایی پژوهش، 19 مولفه شغل مناسب بانوان که مورد اجماع خبرگان و هدف نهایی این پژوهش است، استخراج گشت که برخی از آن‎ها عبارتند از انعطاف پذیری در ساعت کار، حمایت زنان از سوی همکاران، ترمیم و احیای اعتماد به نفس و خودباوری بانوان ،عدم وابستگی همه مشاغل به مدارک آکادمیک دانشگاهی، وجود مهد یا مراکز نگهداری از کودکان در سازمان و وجود شغل عاری از کلیشه‎های جنسیتی و ایدئولوژی‎های مردسالارانه.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Explanation of appropriate job components for women based on fuzzy approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Asghar Sadabadi 1
  • Fatemeh Fehri 2
  • Kiarash Fartash 3
1 Ali Asghar Sadabadi , Assistant professor, Department of Science and Technology Policy, Institute for Science and Technology Studies, Shahid Beheshtei University, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding Author)
2 Ph.D. Student. Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant professor, Department of Science and Technology Policy, Institute for Science and Technology Studies, Shahid Beheshtei University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose  of this study was  to figure out the components  of appropriate job for women, due to exploit barriers to women employment and approach to confront them. In this article using data mining and content analysis the components of barriers to women employment and approach to deal with it was explored. the data was collected by Fuzzy Delphi questionnaire that was given to 34 experts . In order to demonstrate the relation between elements that were agreed on by these experts, SODA method had been implemented. Eventually withi integration of expert's plans, one model was selected. through the application of that model we elicited  components  component of appropriate job for women which include 19 elements that were agreed by these experts and some of them are as follows: Flexibility in working hours, colleagues support women, restoration of women's self-confidence and self-esteem, independence of all professions from academic degrees, existence of kindergartens or child care centers in the organization and existence of jobs that are free from sexual stereotypes and patriarchal ideologies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Women employment
  • appropriate job
  • barriers
  • fuzzy Delphi
  • Strategic Options Development and Analysis (SODA)
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