بررسی سلامت روان و امید به زندگی زنان نابینا در مقایسه با زنان بینا

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مشاوره ، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،تبریز ، ایران ( نویسنده مسئول) aghadasi@iaut.ac.ir

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی ، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تبریز، ایران

10.30495/jwsf.2020.1906664.1485

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی سلامت روان و امید به زندگی زنان نابینا در مقایسه با زنان بینا بود. روش پژوهش حاضر، توصیفی و علی مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعه‌ی‌ آماری مطالعه شامل زنان نابینا و بینایان شهر تبریز در 1399-1398 بود. نمونه‌ای به حجم 80 نفر در مرحله‌ی نخست به شیوه‌ی نمونه‌گیری در دسترس(40 نفر از زنان بینا و 40 نفر از زنان نابینا) انتخاب شدند و سپس، در دو گروه مستقل تحت عنوان نابینا و بینا مورد مقایسه قرار گرفتند. مقیاس سلامت عمومی (28-GHQ) و امید به زندگی اسنایدر (1991) توسط آزمودنی‌ها تکمیل شد. داده‌های حاصل با آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک سویه تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج نهایی نشان داد که در میزان امید به زندگی و ابعاد تفکر عامل و مسیرها در گروه نابینایان و بینایان تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد (05/0 p >). همچنین، نتایج نشان داد که در میزان سلامت روان در گروه نابینایان و بینایان تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (05/0 p < ). علاوه بر این، ننتایج حاکی از آن بود که از میان ابعاد سلامت روان، فقط در میزان بعد علائم جسمانی و علائم اضطرابی و بی‌خوابی و افسردگی بین دو گروه نابینا و بینا تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (05/0 p < /p>

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the mental health and hope of blind people compared to visually impaired

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kamrooz Fathi 1
  • Sohella Bahari 1
  • Alinaghi Agdasi 2
  • shole livarjani 3
1 Master, Department of Counseling, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 * Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the mental health and life expectancy of blind women compared to sighted people. The present research method was descriptive and comparative. The statistical population of the study included blind males and visually impaired women of Tabriz in 1399-1389. The sample of 80 female  was selected in the first stage using the available sampling method (40 blind people and 40 sighted people) and were compared in two independent groups as blind and sighted. The overall health scale (28-GHQ) and life expectancy of Snyder (1991) were completed by the subjects. The data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. The final results showed that there was no significant difference in the level of life expectancy and dimensions of factor thinking and pathways in the group of blind and sighted (p >0.05). Also, the results showed that there is a significant difference in the level of mental health between the group of blind and sighted subjects (p <0.05). In addition, the results showed that among the dimensions of mental health, only in the dimension of physical symptoms and anxiety and insomnia symptoms, there is a significant difference between blind and sighted groups (p <0.05). According to the results of the study, it can be acknowledged that despite the low level of mental health in blind people, there is no difference in life expectancy between blind and sighted people and the life expectancy of blind people is almost the same as sighted  people due to increased friendships and Family and social networks

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mental health
  • hope
  • self-esteem
  • blind people
  • visually impaired people
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