شخصیت شناسی زن با رویکرد تطبیقی درآثار هنری و فرهنگ اسلامی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد تاریخ و فلسفه آموزش و پرورش،گرایش تعلیم و تربیت اسلامی، دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز اراک، اراک، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)،

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی شخصیت زن با رویکرد تطبیقی در آثار هنری و فرهنگ اسلامی است. از آن جایی که چگونگی تصویر ذهنی در مورد زن، نوع رفتار جامعه را با وی تعیین می کند، این مقاله با روش تحلیل محتوا به بررسی شخصیت زن در آثار هنری و فرهنگ اسلامی با رویکردی تطبیقی می پردازد و به دنبال معرفی شخصیت واقعی زن در فرهنگ اسلامی، جهت تأمین و حفظ هویت، شأن و منزلت زن مسلمان است. یافته ها بیانگر این است که زن در اغلب آثار هنری گذشته و برخی از آثار معاصر نقش معشوق، زیبائی و زینت بخشی به اثر را داشته و بیشتر از نظر وسوسه انگیزی جسمانی و زیبائی مورد توجّه قرارگرفته و با دیدی مردسالارانه، صفاتی چون سفاهت و بی وفائی به وی نسبت داده شده و در برخی از آثار معاصر، به‌عنوان گوهری والا و موجودی صاحب‌ خرد و عضوی مؤثر در جامعه بیان شده است. در صورتی که در فرهنگ اسلامی، زنان عفیف، با حیثیت، شخصیت، کرامت و حافظ ارزش های اسلامی تصویر شده اند که نقش مهمی در سعادت و یا شقاوت جامعه دارند و می توانند مانند مردان در فعالیت های اجتماعی، سیاسی، علمی و فرهنگی شرکت داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Women's personality With an Adaptive Approach to Artistic and Islamic Culture

نویسنده [English]

  • Zohreh Oleiaeyee
MA in History and Philosophy of Education, Islamic education, Arak Payam Noor University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present research is to investigate the female character with an adaptive approach in art and Islamic culture. The way a subjective image of a woman is portrayed , determines the type of the behavior of society with her, So, this paper… paper uses a Content analysis method to study the female character of Islamic art and Islamic culture with a comparative approach. And seeking to introduce the true personality of a woman in Islamic culture in order to secure and maintain the identity, dignity of a Muslim woman. The findings indicate that women have often been involved in most of the past and some of the contemporary works of their beloved, beautiful and ornamental motifs, and are more concerned with the embodiment of physical pleasure and beauty. And with a patriarchal vision, attributes like foolishness and disloyalty have been attributed to her.  in some contemporary works, she has been described as a gorgeous gorge and a creature of wisdom and an effective member of society. while while in the Islamic culture, women have been portrayed as chaste, with dignity and generous who preserve the Islamic values and have an important role in the happiness or misery of the society and can participate…….
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Personality
  • woman
  • Adaptive Approach
  • Artwork
  • Islamic Culture
The Holy Quran.
- Nahj al-Balaghah.
- Aalupour, F, Sadeghi, T and Heidari, A. (2012). Female Feature in Poetry of Lorestan Women Poets,  Master's Thesis for Persian Language and Literature, Lorestan University.
- Azizi, A; Qala Khani, G. (2002). Study of the position of woman in jurisprudential and legal texts of Zoroastrianism, master's thesis of ancient culture and languages,   Shiraz University.
- Azimi, M; Seyedizidi, Z; Bagheri, N. (2014). Comparative study of female role in Shahnameh and Garshaspamname,   master's thesis of Farsi language and literature,  Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan.
- Baba'i, A, Shah Sunni, A. M, Shokri, Y. (2013). Woman and Beauty in Shahnameh Pahlavani Division, Master's thesis of Persian language and literature, Semnan University, Persian.
- Daneshvar, Simin. (2010). Ali Malamalam and Jamal in Persian Literature, Review of Masoud Jafari, Tehran: Qatreh, Persian.
-Dewargar, Anahita; Hasan Puralasti, Hossein; Rezvanian, Qudsiyah. (2012). An Analysis of Woman's Symbols in the Poems of Ahmad Shamloo and Nader Naderpour, Master's Degree in Persian Language and Literature, Mazandaran University, Persian.
-Etesami, P. (2001). General Divan, Correction Rahim Chaveh Akbari, and Tehran: Mohammad, Persian.
- Feyz Kashani, M (M. ibn M.), (2004). Al-Mahjah Al-Bayaza, Qom, Al-Nasr al-Islami Institute, Persian.
- Gholi Purgandehgah,  R; Norouzi, T. (2015). Investigating and analyzing the themes and images of the woman (mother) in the sacred defense poetry with emphasis on the poetry of Seyyed Hassan Hosseini, Qaisar Aminpour, Sepideh Kashani and Tahereh Safarzadeh, Master's thesis of Persian language and literature, Khalkhal Islamic Azad University, Persian.
- Glawi, B; Sahi. M. (2014).  A Comparative Study of Women's Role in Qajar Paintings and Contemporary Painters,  Master's Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch, Persian.
-Goodarzi, M. (2005). History of Iran, Tehran: Samt, Persian.
- Gzashtei, m. A;   Asgarzadeh,  M.  (2014). The study of the aesthetics of art and literature,  Journal of Literary Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 20, pp. 163-181.
 
- Hosseinian, S; Ali Madadi, M. (2016). The study of women's position in the poems of Simin Behbahani and Ahmad Shamloo, Master's thesis for Persian language and literature, Gonbad-e-Kavus University, Persian.
-Hosseini, H; Hakim Zadeh, F. (2009). The spiritual and legal tatus of women in Islam, the master's thesis of theology and theology, Al-Mustafa al-Almia society, Persian.
- Hr Amali, M. bin H. (1409). Wasa al-Shi'a, Qom: Al-Beit Institute.
-Ibn Sina. Al-Manzahl Al-Yassiyat Al-Hayyah measures, by the efforts of Ja'far Naghdi (1988), Baghdad: Elmarshad, Persian.
- Imam Khomeini, R. (2010). Sahifeh Imam (statements, messages, interviews, sentences, religious orders and letters), 22 volumes, Tehran: Institute for the Setting up and Publishing of Imam Khomeini Works, Persian.
- Jahani chehreh, M; Movahedi, M. (2014). A comparative study of the position of woman in poetry of contemporary women poets, master thesis of Persian language and literature, Qom University, Persian.
- Kashani, s. (1973). Butterfly Night, Tehran: Padideh, Persian.
- Kashani, s. (1994).  A thousand rose's skirts. Tehran: Art Organization of Advertising Organization, Persian.
- Kazemi, A., Goodarzparvar, P. (2015). Women's Semiotics in the Art of Minimalism,  Master's Thesis for Visual Arts, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch Center.
-Khafi, M; Aqdadi, A. R. (2010). A Comparative Study of Female Image in the Poems of Ahmad Shamloo and Nizar Qobbani, Master's Thesis for Contemporary Literature, Birjand University
- Majlisi, M. B (1403). Bahar Al-Anwar, Beirut, Al-Wafa Publishing, M. B. (2008). Virtue of marriage, marriage and marriage in Islam edited by Davood Ahmadi, Qom, cultural and art institute of Beit al-Ahazan Fatima (Salam Allah Aliyah), Persian.
- Mohebi, B.; Hassan Khani Qavam, F. Ranjbar M. (2017). The role of women in the Safavid periodic films, with emphasis on Reza Abbasi's works, Women's Research Paper, Special Letter,  97-121, Persian.
- Mohammad Pour,  M; Morad Nejad, H.  (2015). Investigating the role of women in contemporary Iranian painting, master's thesis in painting, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Persian.
- Molawei, c. M (1993). General Shams Tabrizi, Tehran: Amir Kabir, Persian.
-Motahari. M. (1998). Notes by Professor Motahari, Tehran, Sadra Publications.
-Mousavi, F. S; Shad Qazvini, P. (2016). Comparative study of woman from the perspective of East and West female artists, Master's thesis for visual arts, Al-Zahra University.  (Salam Allah Aliyah), Persian.
-Nezaamee, A. M. (1985). Lily and Majnon, Correcting Behrouz Throtian, Tehran: Toos, Persian.
-pakbaz, r.  (2006). Painting of Iran (from ancient times to today), Tehran: Zarrin and Simin, Persian.
- Raadarad, A; Mirdi, M. R; Taghi Zadegan, M. (2010). An Analysis of Women's Representation in Contemporary Iranian Painting, Women's Research, Volume 8, Issue 1, 125-141, Persian.
-Saadi, M. b. A. (1999). Bostan Saadi, Tehran: Message Mehrab, Persian.
-Safarzadeh, Tahereh. (2007). allegiance to awakening, Tehran: Basij self-sufficiency research organization, Persian.
- Safarzadeh, Tahereh. (2009). Awakening resonance, Selected Poems, Tehran: Iranian Cultural Exhibitions, Persian.
- Sahib Al-Zamani, R; Najafi, M; and Zeynli Behzadan, F. (2015). Comparative study of the controversial position of women in the Holy Qur'an, Avesta, Torah and Gospel, master's thesis of Quran and hadith, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Persian.
- Shamloo, A. (2008). Collection of Works, Office One, Poems, Volume 1, and Tehran: negah, Persian.
- Tabarsei, Hassan ibn Fadl, Makarim al-Kahlaq, Aqiqi's Bakhshaeshei. (2006). Qom: Nawid, Persian.
 -Tolstoy, L. (1985). What is art? Translated by Kaveh Dehghan, Tehran: Amir Kabir, Persian.
- Tusi, K. N. A; Minavi. M, Heidari, A. R (2006). Ethnic Nasseri (Sixth Edition), Tehran, Kharazmi Publications, Persian.
-Tusi, S, Hashemi, S. M. (2016). Study of how to represent the image of the Muslim woman in the post-Islamic cinema, Master's thesis for cinema and theater, Tehran University of Art, Persian.
- Zekergo, A. H. (2003). Art History in History, Tehran: School.