تفاوت‌های جنسیتی طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه در پیش بینی طلاق عاطفی زوجین

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدرس گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد انار. انار، ایران (نویسنده مسئول) ali.darekordi@gmail.com

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد انار. انار، ایران

چکیده

توجه به روابط زناشویی به عنوان اساسی‌ترین کارکرد خانواده از اهیمت بالایی برخوردار است. تلاش در جهت شناسایی عوامل موثرتر در بهبود روابط زناشویی می‌تواند به بهبود مداخلات روان-شناختی در این زمینه کمک کند. هدف از تحقیق حاضر مقایسه جنسیتی طرحواره‌های ناسازگار اولیه در پیش بینی طلاق عاطفی زوجین بود. این پژوهش توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه اماری کلیه زوجین 25 تا40 ساله شهر رفسنجان بودند. حجم نمونه 205 زوج بود که بصورت دردسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه طلاق عاطفی گاتمن (2008) و پرسشنامه طرحواره ناسازگار اولیه یانگ (1988) بودند. جهت تحلیل داده‏ها از رگرسیون با روش گام به گام استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان داد که در نمونه زنان حوزه‌های طرحواره‌ای بریدگی، دیگرجهت مندی و عملکرد مختل و در نمونه مردان طرحواره‌های حوزه بریدگی، گوش بزنگی و محدودیت مختل به ترتیب بیشترین توان پیش بینی در طلاق عاطفی را داشته‌اند. براساس نتایج بدست آمده می‌توان گفت در مداخلات زناشویی بهتر است ضمن بهبود طرحوار های بریدگی در زوجین؛ در زنان تاکید روی طرحواره‌های دیگرجهت مندی و عملکرد مختل و در مردان تاکید رو طرح‌واره‌های گوش بزنگی و محدودیت مختل باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Gender differences in early maladaptive schemas in predicting emotional divorce

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali darehkordi 1
  • Fatemeh Mahdizadeh 2
1 department of psychology, Islamic Azad University of Anar, Anar, Iran. (Corresponding Author)
2 MA student in clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University of Anar, Anar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Paying attention to marital relationships is the most important function of the family. Trying to identify the most effective factors in improving marital relationships can help improve psychological interventions. The purpose of the present study was to To find out the gender differences of early maladaptive schemas in predicting emotional divorce of couples. This is a descriptive correlation study. The statistical population was all couples of 25-40 years old in Rafsanjan. The sample size was 205 couples who were selected by convenience sampling. Data were collected using Guttmann Emotional Divorce Questionnaire (2008) and Young's Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaire (1988). Stepwise regression was used to analyze the data. The results showed that in the sample of females, the domains of shear, schema, and dysfunctional schema were the most predictive factors in emotional divorce, respectively. Based on the results, it can be said that in marital interventions, it is better to improve the incision schemes in couples; in women to emphasize other schemas of coping and dysfunction, and in men to emphasize earbob schemas and impaired restriction.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Schema. Emotional Divorce. maladaptive
Ahami, A., Mammad, K., Azzaoui, F., Z.Boulbaroud, S., Rouim, F. Z., and Rusinek, S. (2017). Early Maladaptive Schemas, Working Memory and Academic Performances of Moroccan Students. Open Journal of Medical Psychology,2(6), 53-65.

Ahmadpanah, M., Astinsadaf, S., Akhondi. A, Haghighi, M., Sadeghi Bahmani, D. and Bran, S. (2017). Early maladaptive schemas of emotional deprivation. Social Comprehensive Psychiatry, 77, 71–79.

Akbari, L (1395). Predicting emotional divorce of couples based on early maladaptive schemas and emotion regulation. Feyz Quarterly Journal, 7(1): 1-7. ]In Persian[ 

Arab Pur, S. Khosravi, Z & Sarami, Gh (1397). nvestigating Gender Difference in Early Maladaptive Schemes and Coping Styles: The Schematic-Oriented Approach. Journal of Psychological Social Studies of Women, 16 (1). 68-43. ]In Persian[ 

Azizi, M & Sangashrash Miraghaei, M (1398). Marital Infidelity Projections Based on the Separation of Marital Self-Determination and Marital Despair of Women Referred to Tabriz Counseling Centers. Journal of Woman and Family Studies. 43 (11), 17-7. ]In Persian[ 

Basoal, AF. (2013). the interaction of fraternal birth order and body size in male sexual orientation. Behavioral Neuroscience. 17(8), 381-394.

Delcea, C., Enache, A. and Camellia D. et al. (2017). Assessing Maladaptive Cognitive Schemas as Predictors of Murder. International Journal of Mental Health & Psychiatry, 3(1), 32-45. Doi: 10.4172/2471-4372.1000142.

Ghamkhar, F, Z., Schneider, S., Hudson, J. L., Habibi, M., Pooravari, M. and Haji Heidari, Z. (2014). Early Maladaptive Schemas as Predictors of Child Anxiety: The Role of Child and Mother Schemas. International journal of applied behavioral sciences, 1(12), 9-18.

Gilbert, C.L. (2013). Marital quality in black and white marriages. Journal of Family Issues, 16(4), 431-441.

Hadi, M  (2016). Structural Model of Marital Engagement Prediction Based on Attachment Styles and Intermediate Self-Control Variables and Early Maladaptive Schemas in People with Emotional Mutations. Journal of Daneshvar, 7(2),1-17. ]In Persian[ 

Hanson, d. Lindbellend, w. (2016). Conflict management and dyadic adjustment among married couples. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Family Relations. 6(4), 52-67.

Hemmati, M. Madahi, M . Hosseinian, S and  Khalatbari, J. (1397). Comparison of the efficacy of couple therapy based on schema therapy and couple therapy based on acceptance and commitment in family resilience. Journal of Women and Family Studies, 6 (2), 165-145. ]In Persian[ 

Janson, D.L. (2015). Early maladaptive schemas in an Australian adult alcohol Dependent clinical sample: Differences between men and women. Journal of Social Development Studies of Iran. 3(4), 14-22.  

Kaveh, S (2008). Spouses and infidelity and infidelity, investigating the effective factors and identifying the attributes and factors that constitute emotional divorce and the consequences of infidelity and infidelity. Women in Development and Politics, 4: 451-475. Women in Development and Politics, 4: 451-475.  ]In Persian[ 

Kazemi, H., Motahari, S (1392). The relationship between early maladaptive schemas and metacognitive states in male and female students. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences Research, 1(3), 11-22.

Khamseh, A (1385). Investigating the Relationship between Sexual Behavior and Gender Role Schemes in Two Groups of Married Students: Comparing Sexual Behavior of Men and Women in the Family. Journal of Family Studies, 4(8), 338-327. ]In Persian[ 

Lalzadeh, A (2015). The role of early maladaptive schemas in predicting emotional divorce. Journal of Thought and Behavior, 4(12), 45-32. ]In Persian[ 

Lotfi, R. Jahani, V & Khosravi, Z (1386). Comparison of Early Maladaptive Schemas in Soldiers with B Personality Disorders and Healthy Soldiers. Journal of Army University of Medical Sciences of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 5(2), 1261-1266. ]In Persian[ 

Mohammadi, A (2016). The Impact of Premarital Relationships on Marital Conflicts in Married Students of Tehran State University. Journal of News and consulting research, 2(11), 27-40. ]In Persian[ 

Momeni, J (2010). The effect of group counseling with interpersonal approach on improving marital relationship of women affected by marital infidelity. Quarterly Journal of Sociology, 2: 21-64. ]In Persian[  

Navaei, M  (2015). The Relationship between Early Maladaptive Schemas and Justification of Marriage among Married Persons. Journal of Counseling News and Research, 7(15), 89-73. ]In Persian[ 

Rayan, j. M. (2018). Daily marital interaction and positive affect during marital conflict among newlywed couples. Journal of family process, 43(3), 301-314.

Talee-Baktash, S., Yaghoubi, H. and Yousefi. (2013). Comparing the Early Maladaptive Schemas and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Patients and Healthy. Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, 17(5), 471-481. 

Trobst, K. K., Collin, R. I., & Embree, J. (2015). The role of emotion in social support provision: Gender, empathy, and expression of distress. Journal of social and personal, 18(4), 242-257.  

Yousefi, R. Adhamian, E, & Abdolmohammadi, K  (2016). The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemes, Personality Traits, and Attachment Styles in Predicting Students' Symptoms of Love Impact Syndrome in Female Students. Journal of Psychological Social Studies of Women, 14 (3), 190-171. ]In Persian[