Afshari Z. (1991).Women's employment and its role in the reconstruction of the country's economy. Al-Zahra University. Tehran. Research Plan of the Planning and Budget Organization (in Persian)
Ahmadnia, Sh. (2001). "Some Cultural and Social Factors Affecting Women's Limited Participation," Iranian Demographic Society, No. 4
Allahyari, F. Bayatim, H. Sajadi, S.N. Goudarzi, M. Alidoust,E.( 2015) The role of glass ceiling on women empowerment in “Tehran Municipality’s sports organization, Applied Research of Sport Management, 4(1):59-69.(in Persian)
Azadan, M. Koozechian, H. Bashiri, M. Norouzi Seyyed Hosseini, R.(2015). Glass Ceiling Status and its Effect on Women’s Reduced Empowerment in Sport Organizations (A Case Study of East Azerbaijan Sport and Youth General Office), Sport physiology and management investigations 7(1):39-5 (in Persian).
Damghaniyan H, Norouzadeh Sani A. (2012). Investigating the Concept of Glass Ceiling in Organizations. www.
Dehkhoda, A. (2011). dictionary. Tehran: Dictionary of Organization (in Persian)
Golombok S, Fivush R. (2000). Gender Development, Translat by Mehrnaz Shahraray, Tehran: Qoqnoos publishing .(in Persian)
Hassanzadeh R, Heshmati N. (2003). A study of Barriers to Women’s Acceptance in Management of Education. Humanities and Social Sciences Research. 2(5): 13-34. (in Persian)
Ketabi M, YazdKhasti B.(2004). Empowering Women to Participate in Development. Quarterly journal of women's research. 7(2): 141-149 .(in Persian)
Mehrara, A. ShafiPour, S. F. Dianati, R. Zare, A. (2018) Glass ceiling, Challenges and strategies to empower women, Shaqab Third Year, 10 (29): 45-57.(in Persian)
Zeidi Mir Ghafoori, S.H. (2007) Ranking the Barriers of Women’s Promotion to Managerial Positions: A case study of Yazd province’s public sector ,women s studies (Sociological & Psychological) 4(1):101-122 .(in Persian)
Nejati Aji Biseh M, Jamali R. (2008). Identification and ranking of barriers to women's career promotion and its relationship with its dimensions with organizational justice dimensions: women working in Yazd University. Journal of Women Studies. 3 (1): 142. (in Persian)
O’Connor, V.J.(2001). Woman and met is senior Management a Different Needs Hypothesis. Journal of Woman in Management Review16(8).768-770.
Paludi m a.(1991).sociopsychological and structural factors related to womens vocational development ,manuals of the new York academy of sciences
Rahnavard F, Hosseini N.(2009).Factors Influencing Women's Empowerment, Women in Development & Politic (Women's Research), (3)1:118-105 .(in Persian)
Rashtiani, S. (2013).Examining the Barriers and Problems of Promoting Women in Management Responsibilities with Emphasis on Public Relations of Organizations, congresses on Women and Public Relations Managing, Tehran October 9, 2013
Renee b adams,patrica funk. .(2012). beyond the glass ceiling.Does Gener matter? Published online
Siglero, Honeycutt & Pearson, Christine M. (2000).Creating an Empowerment Culture: Examine the Relationship between Organizational Culture and Perception of Empowerment, journal of quarterly management. 5(1): P27-52.
Smith Jane. (2000).Empowerment People, London Kurgan
Spreitzer. G. M., & Doneson. D. (2005). Musings on the Past and Future of Employee Empowerment, Forthcoming in the Handbook of Organizational Development.
Spreitzer Gretchen).1995).psychological empowerment in the workplace dimensions, measurement and validation academy of management journal.38(5):1442-1465
Shaditalab, J .(2003). Development and Challenges of Iranian Women. Drop publication. (in Persian)
Shokouri A., RafatJah, M. Jafari M. (2007) An Analysis of Factors Affecting Women's Empowerment Components. Women in Development & Politic (Women's Research), 5 (1):1- 26 .(in Persian)
Shahedi S., Farjodi M.A. (2011). Women’s Employment in Family and Society; the Holy Quran’s Perspective, Journal of Women and Society 1(4):111-132 .(in Persian)
Shahidi L (2000). Evaluating the Causes and Barriers of the Absence of Women in Tehran's Management Posts. Master's Thesis, Public Administration. Al-Zahra University of Tehran .(in Persian)
Tabe bordbar F, Kamani SMH, Manochehri B.(2016) studying the relationship between women's glass ceiling beliefs and subjective success among female employees at Shiraz municipality,Woman and Society (Women's Sociology), 6(4): 125- 143
Taleghani Gh, Pourzate A., Faraji B. (2009). Survey on the Effect of Glass Ceiling on Decrease of Women Empowerment in Iran Power Development Co. (IPDC), Quarterly Journal Public Administration,1(2):89-102 .(in Persian)
Ugboro, Isaha & Obeng, Kofi.(2000).Top Management Leadership, Employee Empowerment, Job satisfaction, and customer satisfaction in TQM organization: An Empirical Study. Journal of Quality Management.5(4): 247. 272
Zahedi Sh (2004). Promotion of Women’s Participation in Managerial Levels in Iran. Management knowledge. 16(2): 17-49. (in Persian)
Zahedi Sh. (2008). Women and Development. Tehran: Cultural Research Centers, 163 (in Persian)