بررسی مقایسه‌ای‌ اثربخشی واقعیت درمانی و درمان وجودی بر بهزیستی روانشناختی زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشدگروه روانشناسی،واحدتبریز،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،تبریز،ایران(نویسنده مسئول)

2 استادیار گروه مشاوره، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،تبریز،ایران

10.30495/jwsf.2020.1897224.1438

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه‌ اثربخشی واقعیت درمانی و درمان وجودی بر بهزیستی روانشناختی زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه بود. روش پژوهش، به روش نیمه آزمایشی همراه با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل و گمارش تصادفی انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری مطالعه، شامل زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه شهرستان خوی در نه ماهه اول سال 1397 بود. افراد نمونه در مرحله نخست به صورت نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از بیمارستان شهید مدنی خوی که تحت عمل و شیمی درمانی قرار گرفته‌ بودند، انتخاب شدند و پس از تکمیل مقیاس‌ بهزیستی روانشناختی به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل (12نفر) و آزمایش (12 نفر) گمارده شدند. داده‌های حاصل با آزمون تحلیل کواریانس تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داد که تفاوت معناداری بین دو روش درمان (واقعیت درمانی و درمان وجودی) در پس‌آزمون ابعادی از قبیل استقلال، پذیرش خود، تسلط محیطی، رابطه‌ی مثبت با دیگران، بعد داشتن هدف در زندگی و رشد شخصی (05/0 P > ) وجود ندارد. بنابراین، نتیجه گرفته می‌شود، هر دو روش واقعیت درمانی و درمان وجودی برای افزایش بهزیستی روانشناختی تاثیر یکسانی داشته و می‌توانند مکمل هم مورد استفاده قرار گیرند.
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of reality therapy and existential therapy on the psychological well-being of women with breast cancer. The research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test with control group and random assignment. The statistical population of the study included women with breast cancer in Khoy city in the first nine months 2018. The subjects were selected by purposeful sampling from the Khoy Shahid Madani Hospital undergoing surgery and chemotherapy. After completing the psychological well-being scale with random assignment in control (n = 12) and experimental (n = 12) groups. They were assigned. The data were analyzed by analysis of covariance. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the two treatment modalities (reality therapy and existential therapy) in post-test dimensions such as Independence, self acceptance, environmental mastery, positive relationship with others, goal pursuit in life, and personal growth (P> 0.05). Thus, it is concluded that both reality therapy and existential therapy have the same effect on enhancing psychological well-being and can be used as a complement.
Key words: Reality therapy, Existential therapy, Psychological well-being, Breast Cancer, Women.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparison of the effectiveness of reality therapy and existential therapy on the psychological well-being of women with breast cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • somayeh afsharpour 1
  • . . 2
چکیده [English]

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of reality therapy and existential therapy on the psychological well-being of women with breast cancer. The research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test with control group and random assignment. The statistical population of the study included women with breast cancer in Khoy city in the first nine months 2018. The subjects were selected by purposeful sampling from the Khoy Shahid Madani Hospital undergoing surgery and chemotherapy. After completing the psychological well-being scale with random assignment in control (n = 12) and experimental (n = 12) groups. They were assigned. The data were analyzed by analysis of covariance. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the two treatment modalities (reality therapy and existential therapy) in post-test dimensions such as Independence, self acceptance, environmental mastery, positive relationship with others, goal pursuit in life, and personal growth (P> 0.05). Thus, it is concluded that both reality therapy and existential therapy have the same effect on enhancing psychological well-being and can be used as a complement.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: Reality therapy
  • Existential therapy
  • psychological well-being
  • breast cancer
  • Women
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