رابطه ارضاء نیازهای بنیادین روانشناختی وتاب‌آوری با فرسودگی شغلی (مورد مطالعه: زنان شاغل دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سبزوار)

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سبزوار

2 مسئول کلینیک مشاوره دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سبزوار

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه ارضاء نیازهای بنیادین روان­شناختی و تاب‌آوری با فرسودگی شغلی زنان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سبزوار انجام شد. پژوهش از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی است. جامعة پژوهش شامل تمامی زنان شاغل در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سبزوار در سال 1395 بود.  86 نفر از زنان به روش تمام شماری به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه­های استاندارد نیازهای بنیادین روان‌شناختی دسی و ریان (BNSQ)، تاب‌آوری کونور و دیویدسون(CD-RISC) و تحلیل رفتگی شغلی سینگ(SBI) استفاده گردید. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS20   و به روش‌های همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چند متغیره، در سطح معناداری 05/0P<  انجام شد. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که بین متغیرهای ارضاء نیازهای بنیادین روان‌شناختی و تاب‌آوری با فرسودگی شغلی رابطة منفی و معناداری وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون مشخص کرد که متغیرهای ارضاء نیازهای بنیادین روان‌شناختی و تاب‌آوری، 8/30 درصد تغییرات فرسودگی شغلی را پیش‌بینی می‌کنند. بنابراین با افزایش ارضاء نیازهای بنیادین روان‌شناختی و تاب‌آوری، می‌توان کاهش فرسودگی شغلی در زنان کاهش داد. 

Bakhshi moghaddam S. (2015). Investigate the relationship between psychological resilience, self-efficacy and burnout in physical education department officials of Islamic Azad University [dissertation]. Master's thesis, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad. (Persian)

 

Baron, R.A & Greenbery, Y., (1990). Behavior in Organization, Allyn and Bacon, Third Edition.

Bartholomew, K. J., Ntoumanis, N., Ryan, R. M., Bosch, J., & Thogersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Self-determination theory and diminished functioning: The role of interpersonal control and psychological need thwarting. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,  37: 1459–1473.

Carver, C, S., Scheier, M.F., & Segerstrom, S.C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical psychology review, 3: 879-889.

Chen, K. C., & Jang, S. J. (2010). Motivation in online learning: Testing a model of selfdetermination theory. Computers in HumanBehavior, 26: 741-752.

Cynda Hylton Rushton, C. H., Batcheller, J., Schroeder, K. & Donohue, P. (2015). Burnout and Resilience among nurses practicing in high-intensity settings, American journal of critical care, 24(5): 412-420.

Connor, K, M; Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of a New Resilience Scale: The Connor- Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Journal of Depression and Anxiety, 18: 76- 82.Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. (2011). M. Levels of analysis, regnant causes of behavior and wellbeing: The role of psychological needs. Psychological Inquiry, 22: 17–22.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1980). The empirical exploration of intrinsic motivational
processes
. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp.
39–80). New York: Academic Press.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985a). The general causality orientations scales: self-determination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19, 109–134.

Deci, E. L., La Guardia, J. G., Moller, A. C., Schneiner, M. J., Ryan, R. M. (2006). On the benefits of giving as well as receiving autonomy support:  mutuality in close relationships.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(3): 313-327.

Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2000). The "what" and "why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological  Inquiry, 11(2): 227-268.

Deci, E.  L., Ryan, R.  M., Gagne, M., Leone, D. R., Usunov, J., Kornazheva, B. P. (2001). Need Satisfaction, Motivation, and Well-Being in the Work Organizations of a Former Eastern Bloc Country: A CrossCultural Study of Self-Determination. PersSocPsychol Bull, 27(8):930.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2011). Levels of analysis, regnant causes of behavior, and well-being: The role of psychological needs. Psychological Inquiry, 22: 17-22.

Deci, E. L., Olafsen, A. H., & Ryan, R. M. (2017). Self-Determination Theory in
Work Organizations: The State of a Science. The Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 4:19–43.

Friborg,  O.,  Barlaug,  D.,  Martinussen,  M.,  Rosenvinge,  J.H.,  Hjemdal,  O. (2005). Resilience in relation to personality and intelligence. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 14 (1): 29-42.

Gavrilyuk, OA., Loginova, IO., & Buzovkina, NY. (2013). Relations of Perceived Autonomy and Burnout Syndrome in University Teachers. International Journal of Applied, 3(3):53-62.

Gazelle, G., Liebschutz, J., & Riess, H. (2015). Physician burnout: coaching a way out. J Gen Intern Med. 30 (4): 508–513.

Ghobari Bonab, B., Salimi, M., Soleimani, L., & Nouri Moghaddam, S. (1386). Spiritual Intelligence, A Research Quarterly in Islamic Theology (kalam) and Religious Studies, 3 (10), 125-147. (Persian)

Ghorbani, N., Watson, P.J. (2004). Two facets of self-knowledge,  big  five؛ and  promotion among Iranian managers. Journal of socialbehavior and personality: An InternationalJournal, 6(8): 769-77.

Hamarat, ER.,  Thompson, DA., & Zabrucky, KM. (2001). Matheny KB.  Perceived  stress  and coping  resource:  Availability  as predictors  of  life  satisfaction  in  young, middle-aged, and older adults. Journal of Experimental Aging Research, 27: 181-196.

Inzlicht, M., Aronson, J., Good, C., & McKay, L. (2006). A particular resiliency to threatening environments. Journal ofExperimental Social Psychology, 42: 323-336.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, WB., Leiter, MP. (2001). Job Burnout. Ann Rev Psychology, 52(1): 397-422.

Maslach, C., Jackson, SE., & Leiter, MP. (1997). Maslach Burnout Inventory. In C. P. Zalaquett & R. J. Wood (Eds.), Evaluating stress: A book of resources (191-218).
Lanhan, MD: The Scarecrow Press.

Maslach C, Jackson SE. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2(2), 99-113.

Maslach, C. (1982). Understanding burnout: definitional 1. Issues inanalyzing a complex phenomenon. InW.S. Paine (ed.), job stress and burnout. Beverly Hills: sage publications.

Mohammadi M, Jazayeri A R, Rafiei A H, Jokar B, Pourshahbaz A. (2005). Investigating the Factors Affecting Resilience In people exposed to drug abuse, Journal of Psychology, Tabriz University, 1(2,3), 203-224. (Persian)

Molix, L. A. & Nichols, C. P. (2013). Satisfaction of basic phychological needs as a mediator of the relationship between community esteem and wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 3(1): 20-34.

Montero-Marín, J., García-Campayo, J., Fajó-Pascual, M., Carrasco, JM., Gascón, S., Gili, M., et al. (2011). Sociodemographic and occupational risk factors associated with the development of different burnout types: the cross-sectional University of Zaragoza study. BMC Psychiatry, 11: 49.

Montero-Marín, J., & García-Campayo, J. (2010). A newer and broader definition of burnout: Validation of the Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36). BMC Public Health, 10(6): 302.

Montero-Marin, J., Prado-Abril, J., Demarzo, MMP., Gascon, S., García-Campayo, J. (2014). Coping with stress and types of burnout: explanatory power of different coping strategies. PLoS One, 9(2): e89090.

Robertson, I., & Cooper, L. (2013). Resilience. Stress and Health, 29(3): 175-176.

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2002). Overview of self-determination theory: An organismic dialectical perspective. In E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan (Eds.), Handbook of selfdetermination research (pp. 3–33). Rochester: University of Rochester Press.

Ryan, RM., Deci, EL. (2017). Self-Determination Theory: Basic Psychological Needs in Motivation, Development, andWellness. New York: Guilford.

Sardarzadeh, F., Jian Bagheri, M., & Farahani Mashhadi, M. (2017). The role of resilience in reduction of job stress and job burnout among employees of satellite project of Iranian Offshore Oil Company. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry, 3(4), 61-77. (Persian)

Schaufeli, W., Leiter, M., & Maslach, C. (2009). Burnout: 35 years of research and practice. Career DevelopmentInternational, 14(3): 204–220.

Sulea, C., van Beek, H., Sarbescu, p., Virga, D. & Schaufeli, W.B. (2015). Engagement, boredom, and burnout among students: Basic needsatisfaction matters more than personality traits. Learning and Individual Differences,42:  132–138.

Shi, M. Wang, X. Bian, Y. Wang, L. (2015). The mediating role of resilience in the relationship between stress and life satisfaction among Chinese medical students: a cross-sectional study, BMC Medical Education, 15(16).

Singh, J., Goolsby, J. R., & Rhoads, G. K, (1994). “Behavioral and Psychological Consequences of Boundary Spanning Burnout for Customer Service Representatives,” Journal of Marketing Research, 21: 558-569.

Swider, BW., Zimmerman, RD. (2010). Born to burnout: A meta-analytic path model of personality, job burnout, and work outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3):487-506.

Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., & Deci, E. L. (2006). Intrinsic versus extrinsic goal contents in self-determination theory: Another look at the quality of academic motivation.Educational Psychologist, 41: 19–31.

Van den Broeck, A., Vansteenkiste, M., De Witte, H., Soenens, B., & Lens, W. (2010). Capturing autonomy, competence, and relatedness at work: Construction and initial validation of the Work-related Basic Need Satisfaction scale. Journal of Occupational andOrganizational Psychology, 83(4): 981-1002.

Van den Broeck, A., Vansteenkiste, M., De Witte, H., & Lens, W. (2008a). Explaining the relationships between job characteristics, burnout, and engagement: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction. Work and Stress, 22: 277–294.

Wood S, Bhatnagar S. (2015). Resilience to the effects of social stress: Evidence from clinical and preclinical studies on the role of coping strategies. Neurobiology of Stress, 1: 164-173.