رابطه سبکهای اسنادی و سبک کنارآمدن با استرس با سرمایه روانشناختی در بین زنان سرپرست خانوار شهر زنجان

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی بالینی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد زنجان، ایران. زنجان

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد زنجان، ایران. زنجان

چکیده

هدف از این مقاله بررسی رابطه سبک اسنادی و سبک کنارآمدن با استرس با سرمایه روانشناختی زنان سرپرست خانوار شهر زنجان در 3 ماه آخر سال 1394 انجام گرفته است. به این منظور از 1750 نفر زنان سرپرست خانوار که براساس جدول مورگان تعداد320 نفر به روش  نمونه گیری طبقه­ای تصادفی انتخاب شده اند. برای جمع آوری داده ها از پرسشنامه های سرمایه روانشناختی(PCQ)، سبک اسنادی (ASQ) و سبک کنار آمدن با استرس اندلر و پارکر  استفاده شده است و پژوهش از نوع همبستگی می باشد. برای  تحلیل داده ها و بررسی فرضیه های پژوهش نیز  از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون و با استفاده از نرم افزار کامپیوتری  SPSS نسخه 22 کمک گرفته شده است. یافته های پژوهش نشان می دهد که بین سبک اسنادی و سبک کنار آمدن با استرس با سرمایه روانشناختی زنان سرپرست خانوار رابطه مثبت و معناداری (01/0p<) وجود دارد. و همچنین در خرده   مقیاس­های اسناد کلی منفی همبستگی منفی معنی دار (05/0 p<)وجود دارد. در سبک کنار آمدن با استرس مساله مداری با سرمایه روانشناختی همبستگی مثبت معنی دار،(01/0p<) وجود دارد. و همچنین در سبک کنارآمدن با استرس هیجان مداری و اجتنابی با سرمایه روانشناختی در زنان سرپرست خانوار همبستگی منفی معنی­دار (01/0p<) وجود دارد. در مجموع می توان نتیجه گرفت سبک­های اسنادی و سبک کنار آمدن با استرس می­تواند سرمایه روانشناختی زنان سرپرست خانوار را پیش بینی کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


References

Abbasgholipour, A., Shahbazi, M., & Bagherzadeh, F. A. (2014), Studying of Attribution Styles and Motivation of Elite and Sub-Elite Athletes in Individual Sports. Motor Behavior,16, 75-92, (In Persian).

Ahadi, B., Narimani, M., Abolghasemi, A., & Asiae, M. (2009), A Study of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Attribution Styles, Self- Efficacy and Life Satisfaction Among Working Women. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counselings, 1(10), 117-127, (In Persian).

Alia, Z. (2001), A Comparative Study on the Effect of Stressors and their Relationship with the Quality of Life of Female Headed Households. Master's Thesis, (In Persian).

Bahadorikhosroshahi, J., & Hashemi Nosrat abad, T., & Babapur Kheyroddin, J. (2015), The Relationship between Social Capital and Psychological Well-being among the Students of Tabriz University. Journal of Research and Health 1, 153-145, (In Persian).

Bakhtiari, A., & Mohebbi, A. (2006), Government of Women Headed by Household, Womens Strategic Studies, 44, 110-167, (In Persian).

Barimani, A., madanlou, Y., & yousefe, H. (2016), The Relationship between Psychological Capital and Job Satisfaction among the Staff of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in the East of Mazandaran Province. Scientific Journal of Education Research, 44(10), 129-145, (In Persian).

Brewin, CH. R. (1997),Cognitive Foundations of Clinical Psychology. By: M. Mahmoud Alia, H. Shamsipour, & H. Sabouri, Tabriz: Ravan Pouya, (In Persian).

Elahifar, H., & Sadeghi, S. (2012),Resiliency Relation with Mental Health in High School Students in Abhar City. First Regional Women's Mental Health Conference, (In Persian).

Farmani Shahrza, SH., Masoumi Nomnedan, S., Ghandniay Jahromi, A., & Tajaldini, O. (2013),Attachment Styles, Coping Styles with Stressful Situations and Suicidal Thoughts Based on Inefficient Attitudes of Students in Kharazmi University: A Comparative Study. Journal of Family Counseling & Psychotherapy, 11(3), 25-44, (In Persian).

Gudjohnsen, G. H. (1984), Attribution of Blame for Criminal Acts and its Relationship with Personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 53-58.

Hashemi Nosratabad T. Babapur Kheyroddin, J., & Bahadori Khosroshahi, J.(2012), Role of Psychological Cabital in Psychological Wellbeing by Considering the Moderating Effects of Social Capital. Quarterly Social Psychology Research, 4, 123-144, (In Persian).

 Jensen, M. P., & Karoly, P. (1991), Control Belief, Coping Efforts, and Adjustment to Chronic Pain. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 59, 431-438.

Khosravi, Z. (1999), Study of Emotional, Psychosocial Problems of Family Headed Women. Center for Women's Participation in the Presidential Administration, (In Persian).

Kiyani,R., & Agapour, M. (2011), Surveying the Relationship Between Personality Characteristics, Attribution Styles and Coping Styles Among Femal Students of Ahar Islamic Azad Univercity. Woman and Family Studies, 10, 131-144, (In Persian).

Lazarus, R. S.,  &   Folkman, S. (1984), An Analysis of Coping in a Middle-Aged Community Sample. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 21, 2119-2139.

Lee, K. M. (2005), Presence as a Mediator for Psychological Effects of Computer Games. Panel Presentation at the Annual Conference of the International Communication Association (ICA).

Luthans, F., Norman, S., Avolio, M. I., Avey, B. (2008), Supportive Climate and Organizationl Success: the Century Role of Psychological Capital. Journal of Organization Beheavior, 29(2).  

Mahbudi, M. (2002), Scale of Documentary Style Against Women Arrested with Ordinary Women. Master's Thesis, Tehran: Allameh Tabataba,i Univercity, (In Persian).

Mithchel, J. V. (2003), Personality Correlates of Attributiional Style. Journal of Psychology, 123, 447-463.

  Nasir, M. (2010), The Relationship Strategies Coping with Stress and Resilience with Optimism in Female High School Students in Dezful City. Journal of Social Psychology (New Findings in Psychology) 16, 55-70, (In Persian).

Nazar Bolandi, N., & Heydari, E. (2004), The Relationship Between Mental Health Status and Coping Strategies in Students. Third Seminar of Students mental health, (In Persian).

  Nazari, M. (2005), The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy and Anxiety in Pre-university Female Students in Karaj. Master's Thesis, Karaj: Islamic Azad University, (In Persian).

Norman, S. M., Avey, J. B., Nimnicht, J. L., & Pigeon, N. G. (2010), The Interactive Effects of Psychological Capital and Organizational Identity on Employee Organizational Citizenship and Deviance.

 Poropat, A. (2002), The Relationship between Attributional Style, Gender and the Five Factor Model of Personality. Journal of Personalty and in Dividual Differences, 33, 1185-1201.

 Ryff, C. D. (1989), Happiness is Everything, or is it? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1069-1081.

Senayi, B.(2008), Family Pathology. Journal of Educational Research, 3, (In Persian).

Shabanzadeh, A. (2013), The relationship between Stress Coping Styles and Social Support with Quality of Life of Female-Headed Households. Quarterly Journal of Women, 4, 1-20,(In Persian).

Shakouri, A., Rafatjah, M., & Jafari, M. (2007), An Analysis of Factors Affecting Women's Empowerment Components. Woman in Culture and Art (Women's Research), 5(1), 1-26,(In Persian).

Shokri, O., Kadivar, P., Daneshvarpour, Z.(2007), The Role of Coping Styles in Academic Stress and Academic Achievement. Iranian Journal of Psychology. 3(11), 249-257, (In Persian).

State Welfare Organization of Iran (2001), Welfare Organization of Iran,s Workbook, (In Persian).