جهانی شدن و تحولات جمعیتی خانواده ایرانی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی گروه های اجتماعی، واحدعلوم تحقیقات،دانشگاه آزاداسلامی،تهران،

2 استادگروه جامعه شناسی،واحد علوم تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ،تهران،ایران

3 استاد گروه جامعه شناسایی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی،تهران،ایران

چکیده

جهانی شدن پدیده‌ای است چند بعدی که هر یک از ابعاد آن می‌تواند بر نهاد خانواده تاثیرگذار باشد. خانواده در جهان امروز، بیش از گذشته در معرض تغییر و دگرگونی است. از آنجاییکه شناخت جهانی شدن و تاثیرات آن می تواند در بهره گیری از فرصت های مثبت و برخورد مناسب با چالش ها موثر باشد لازم است نقش متغیرهای جمعیت شناختی به عنوان ساخت عینی در شکل گیری ساخت های ذهنی در جامعه و نهاد خانواده مهم تلقی شود. این مطالعه با هدف شناسایی تاثیر تغییر پذیر ترین ابعاد جمعیتی خانواده ایرانی در مواجه با جهانی شدن و  دستیابی به درک جامع از تغییرات جمعیتی خانواده تدوین شده است. بر همین اساس با استفاده از روش اسنادی و تحلیل ثانویه آماری به بررسی تحولات خانواده و نقش جهانی شدن در این تحولات پرداختیم. یافته ها بیانگر این است که  اگر چه در اکثر کشورهای جهان تغییراتی در خانواده بوقوع پیوسته است که بیانگر تغییر خانواده ها با شرایط اقتصادی و محیطی در سراسر جهان است و خانواده ایرانی متاثر از جهانی شدن در ابعاد جمعیتی تحولات بسیاری را تجربه کرده است، عوامل محلی را نیز نباید از نظر دور داشت زیرا شاهد مقاومت فرهنگ‌های محلی و خانواده‌های ایرانی در برابر برخی تغییرات در برابر فشار جهانی شدن هستیم. 

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