مقایسه سلامت روان، بهزیستی روانشناختی و عزت نفس زنان و دختران در شیراز

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مشاوره و روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه هرمزگان.

2 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره دانشگاه هرمزگان

چکیده

 پژوهش‌ها نتایج متفاوتی را در خصوص مزیت‌های ازدواج بر سلامت روان، بهزیستی روان شناختی افراد گزارش کرده‌اند. هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه سلامت روان، بهزیستی روانشناختی و عزت نفس زنان و دختران شهر شیراز بود. 390 شرکت کننده (195 زن و 195 دختر) به روش نمونه گیری در دسترس براساس متغیرهای سن و سطح تحصیلات همتاسازی و انتخاب شدند. شرکت کنندگان پرسشنامه‌های جمعیت شناختی، SCL90، بهزیستی روانشناختی ریف و فرم کوتاه پرسشنامه عزت نفس کوپر اسمیت (30 سوالی) را کامل کردند. برای تحلیل داده از روش توصیفی (میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آزمون مانوا و تی تست استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که تفاوت معناداری در سلامت روان، بهزیستی روانشناختی و عزت نفس زنان و دختران وجود داشت. یافته‌ها بیانگر این بود که سلامت روان و بهزیستی روانشناختی زنان پایین‌تر از دختران بود (P≤0/001) درحالی‌که زنان از عزت نفس بالاتری برخوردار بودند(P≤0/001). براساس نتایج به دست آمده به نظر می‌رسد تاهل در زنان سلامت روانی و بهزیستی روانشناختی را کاهش داده اما عزت نفس آنان را بهبود بخشیده است.

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