تأثیر تعهد و پذیرش درمانی (‏ACT‏) بر ارزشمندی زندگی و پردازش ‏شناختی بیماران قلبی- عروقی زن ‏

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

چکیده

بیماری قلبی- عروقی از زمره بیماری­هایی است که تحت تأثیر عوامل روان­شناختی نیز قرار می­گیرد. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی تأثیر تعهد و پذیرش درمانی (ACT)  بر ارزشمندی زندگی و سرکوب و تحمیل فکر در بیماران قلبی- عروقی زن اجرا شد. روش پژوهش نیمه­آزمایشی (تجربی) و جامعه آماری پژوهش بیماران قلبی­- عروقی زن مراجعه­کننده به مطب یک پزشک متخصص قلب­- عروق در اصفهان در بهار 1392 بودند که از بین آن­ها به صورت داوطلبانه بیست نفر انتخاب و سپس به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (10 نفر گروه آزمایش و 10 نفر گروه کنترل) گمارده شدند. طرح پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی دو گروهی با پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون بود. گروه آزمایش طی هشت جلسه تحت آموزش تعهد و پذیرش درمانی (ACT) قرار گرفتند. ابزارهای پژوهش پرسش نامه ارزشمندی زندگی (ویلسون و همکاران، 2010) و پرسش نامه سرکوب فکر با دو خرده مقیای سرکوب و تحمیل (اشمیت و همکاران، 2009) بود. داده­ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس چند­متغیری (MANCOVA) تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که در پس­آزمون ­پس از کنترل پیش­آزمون، بین گروه آزمایش و کنترل در ارزشمندی زندگی و تحمیل فکر تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد­، اما در سرکوب فکر بین دو گروه تفاوت معنادار نبود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Valued ‎Living and Cognitive Processing of Woman Cardiovascular ‎Patients

چکیده [English]

Cardiovascular diseases are a disorder which is affected by psychological factors. This research was administered with the aim of investigating the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy on valued living and thought suppression and intrusion among cardiovascular female patients. Research method was quasi-experimental and statistical population included the female cardiovascular patients who had referred to a cardiovascular expert office in Esfahan, in spring 2012. Among them, twenty female were selected voluntarily and then randomly assigned in two control and experimental groups (each group 10 persons).  Experimental group was trained in eight sessions by acceptance and commitment therapy. Research instrument was valued living questionnaire (Wilson et al, 2010) and thought suppression questionnaire with two sub scales of thought suppression and intrusion (Schmidt et al, 2009). Data were analyzed with the use of multivariate analysis of covariance. Results revealed that in the post-test after controling for pretest, there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups in valued living and thought intrusion, but there was not any significant difference in the thought suppression. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • acceptance and commitment therapy
  • Valued Living
  • Thought ‎Suppression
  • Thought Intrusion
  • Cardiovascular Patients.‎

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